Population and Housing Census of Malaysia 2010


The Population and Housing Census of Malaysia is an enumeration process on all residence and population nationwide. The Population and Housing Census of Malaysia 2010 is the fifth census to be conducted since the formation of Malaysia in 1963. The legal basis for undertaking the census is provided in the Census Act, 1960. The Census Act makes it obligatory for the public to answer all census questions and guarantees the confidentiality of information furnished. The earlier censuses were conducted in 1970, 1980, 1991 and 2000. The implementation of the 2010 Census was approved by the Cabinet on 22 April 2009 with a total allocation of RM200.2 million. The fifth census will be conducted in July 2010.

The data collected in the 2010 Population and Housing Census will provide a comprehensive set of statistical information which gives insights to the trends and patterns of population and characteristics of households. Data and highlights on housing stock, type and pattern of ownership is also obtained. This information will be used for the planning, formulation and implementation of government policies as well as used by researchers and other individuals.


The objectives of the Census are:

i. To collect comprehensive statistical information relating to population and housing;
To provide a wide range of information on:
  • The total number of population and households as well as various demographic, social and economic characteristics;
  • The total number of living quarters by type, structure and the availability of the amenities ;
To provide population and housing data in various geographical levels up to the smallest area;
To get detailed information on internal and international migration in order to observe the trends in migration;
To use the information obtained as a basis for provision of grants from federal to state government;
To use as input for current population estimate and projection.

The enumeration period is from 6 July to 22 August 2010.


The 2010 Census Day is 6 July 2010 which falls on Tuesday, a day with minimal mobility of the population.

There are 2 common approaches that have been used in census taking, de jure and de facto. For the de jure approach, the information is collected on all persons residing in Malaysia according to their place of usual residence on Census Day. The de facto approach states that all persons will be enumerated according to where he or she was found on Census Day. Past censuses in Malaysia have traditionally employed the de facto approach except for the year 2000. An attempt was made in the 1980 and 1991 Census to obtain a de jure count of the population in addition to the de facto approach. The results show that the de jure count yielded a higher figure than the de facto count that is about 2 per cent higher in the 1980 Census and 5% higher in the 1991 Census.

Similar to the 2000 Census, the de jure approach will be used for the 2010 Population and Housing Census. All persons (Malaysian and Non-Malaysian citizens) who have stayed or intended to stay in Malaysia for six months or more in the year 2010 will be enumerated based on their place of usual residence on 6 July 2010.

In 2010 Census, the Department of Statistics Malaysia will implement a multiple approach data collection :

i. Face to face interview:
     ~ Enumerator will visit every living quarters to interview the respondent.
ii.Self enumeration:
a) Drop-off and pick-up (DOPU)
Enumerator will drop-off a Census Kit in the living quarters for the respondents to fill in the questionnaire. The enumerator will then return to the living quarters at the agreed date and time within three days to pick up the completed questionnaire.
b) e-Census

Respondents will fill in an electronic form which can be accessed from the Department’s website at www.statistics.gov.my. Respondents will be given identification particulars (ID) by the enumerator who visits the residence. Respondents must use the ID given in order to access the e-census system.
For control purposes, e-Census is only open to certain areas particularly the metropolitan or urban areas or areas which are difficult to access.


The enumeration process will cover the whole of Malaysia. All persons (Malaysian and Non-Malaysian citizens) who have stayed or intended to stay in Malaysia for six months or more in the year 2010 will be enumerated based on their place of usual residence on 6 July 2010.

The 2010 Census will cover three main categories that is population, household and living quarters. These categories are sub-divided into the following topics:


  • Geographical characteristics
  • Social and demographic characteristics
  • Fertility and Mortality
  • Migration characteristics
  • Education characteristics
  • Economic characteristics

  • Household characteristics

Living Quarters
  • Type of living quarters
  • Number of storey
  • Total number of floors of the building
  • Construction material of outer walls
  • Occupancy status
  • Number of rooms and bedrooms
  • Ownership status
  • Drinking water supply facility
  • Electricity supply facility
  • Toilet facility
  • Garbage collection facility
   8.  Questionnaires