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Consumer Price Index Malaysia September 2013 (Updated: 25/10/2013)

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) for the period  January to September 2013 increased by 1.8 per cent to 106.6 compared with that of 104.7 in the same period last year. Compared with the same month in 2012, the CPI for September 2013 registered an increase of 2.6 per cent from 105.2 to 107.9 and when compared with the previous month, the CPI increased by 0.8 per cent.

The index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages and Non-Food for the month of September 2013 showed increases of 3.9 and 1.9 per cent respectively as compared to the same month in 2012. For the period January to September 2013, the index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages and Non-Food increased by 3.4 and 1.1 per cent respectively. Compared with the previous month, the index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages and Non-Food increased by 0.3 and 1.1 per cent respectively (Table 1).



CPI changes for the period January - September 2013 / 2012

The 1.8 per cent increase in the CPI was brought about by increases observed in the indices of all the main groups except those of Clothing & Footwear and Communication by 0.7 per cent and Recreation Services & Culture ( - 0.1 per cent ). Notable increases among these main groups with high weights were Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages ( + 3.4 per cent ); Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels ( + 1.6 per cent ) and Transport ( + 1.0 per cent ). Other increases were Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco ( + 3.0 per cent ); Education ( + 2.4 per cent ); Restaurants & Hotels ( + 2.3 per cent ); Health ( + 2.0 per cent ); Furnishings, Household Equipment & Routine Household Maintenance ( + 1.5 per cent ) and Miscellaneous Goods & Services ( + 0.6 per cent ).

 

Table 1 : CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR MAIN GROUPS, MALAYSIA (2010=100)

Group
Wt.
Index
% Change
Sep 2012
Aug 2013
Sep 2013
Jan - Sep 2012
Jan - Sep 2013
Sep 2013/
Aug 2013
Sep 2013/
Sep 2012
Jan - Sep 2013/2012
TOTAL
100.0
105.2
107.0
107.9
104.7
106.6
0.8
2.6
1.8
Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages
30.3
108.0
111.9
112.2
107.3
111.0
0.3
3.9
3.4
Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco
2.2
104.9
109.1
109.6
104.7
107.8
0.5
4.5
3.0
Clothing and Footwear
3.4
99.1
98.3
98.6
99.3
98.6
0.3
-0.5
-0.7
Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels
22.6
103.8
105.7
105.7
103.2
104.9
0.0
1.8
1.6
Furnishings, Household Equip. & Routine Household Maintenance
4.1
104.3
105.5
105.7
103.7
105.3
0.2
1.3
1.5
Health
1.3
105.4
106.9
107.2
104.5
106.6
0.3
1.7
2.0
Transport
14.9
105.6
105.4
110.5
105.0
106.1
4.8
4.6
1.0
Communication
5.7
98.9
98.3
98.3
99.2
98.5
0.0
-0.6
-0.7
Recreation Services & Culture
4.6
103.1
103.1
103.0
103.2
103.1
-0.1
-0.1
-0.1
Education
1.4
104.8
107.4
107.5
104.6
107.1
0.1
2.6
2.4
Restaurants and Hotels
3.2
109.5
111.8
112.2
108.7
111.2
0.4
2.5
2.3
Miscellaneous Goods & Services
6.3
104.9
104.7
104.9
104.2
104.8
0.2
0.0
0.6
Non-Food
69.7
104.0
104.9
106.0
103.6
104.7
1.1
1.9
1.1
Durable Goods
6.5
100.1
98.2
98.2
100.3
98.7
0.0
-1.9
-1.6
Semi-Durable Goods
4.4
100.0
99.2
99.5
100.1
99.5
0.3
-0.5
-0.6
Non-Durable Goods
41.6
106.4
108.5
110.6
105.8
108.3
1.9
3.9
2.4
Services
47.5
105.4
107.6
107.7
104.8
106.9
0.1
2.2
2.0

Based on the above changes and the weights assigned to the main groups, the relative contribution to the overall increase of 1.8 per cent in the CPI can be identified as shown in Table 2. The three main groups, Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages; Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels and Transport together accounted for 81.0 per cent of the overall increase recorded for the current period.

 

Table 2 : CONTRIBUTION TO THE CHANGES IN THE OVERALL CONSUMER PRICE INDEX
BY MAIN GROUPS, MALAYSIA (2010=100)

Group
Wt.
2012 / 2011
September
2013 / 2012
January - September
2013 / 2012
% Change
% Contribution
% Change
% Contribution
% Change
% Contribution
TOTAL
100.0
1.6
100.0
2.6
100.0
1.8
100.0
Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages
30.3
2.7
50.5
3.9
45.9
3.4
54.9
Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco
2.2
0.4
0.6
4.5
3.5
3.0
3.4
Clothing and Footwear
3.4
-0.6
-1.2
-0.5
3.3
-0.7
4.3
Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels
22.6
1.6
21.7
1.8
14.8
1.6
18.7
Furnishings, Household Equip. & Routine Household Maintenance
4.1
2.0
4.7
1.3
3.3
1.5
5.0
Health
1.3
2.0
1.6
1.7
0.8
2.0
1.3
Transport
14.9
0.7
6.3
4.6
25.2
1.0
7.4
Communication
5.7
-0.6
-2.3
-0.6
-1.3
-0.7
-2.0
Recreation Services & Culture
4.6
1.2
3.1
-0.1
-0.2
-0.1
-0.4
Education
1.4
2.4
2.0
2.6
1.3
2.4
1.6
Restaurants and Hotels
3.2
2.9
5.9
2.5
3.0
2.3
3.8
Miscellaneous Goods & Services
6.3
2.0
7.1
0.0
0.4
0.6
2.0

The 3.4 per cent increase in the index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages was the result of increases for Food At Home ( + 3.7 per cent ); Food Away From Home ( + 2.9 per cent ) and Coffee, Tea, Cocoa & Non-Alcoholic Beverages ( + 1.4 per cent ). Among the subgroups of Food At Home which showed significant increases during this period as shown in Table 3 were Meat ( + 6.1 per cent ); Vegetables ( + 5.1 per cent ); Sugar, Jam, Honey, Chocolate and Confectionery ( + 5.1 per cent ); Fish & Seafood ( + 4.4 per cent ); Milk & Eggs ( + 3.7 per cent ); Fruits ( + 3.4 per cent ) and Rice, Bread and Other Cereals ( + 1.9 per cent ).

 

Table 3 : CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR SUB-GROUPS OF FOOD AND
NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, MALAYSIA (2010=100)

Sub-group
Wt.
Index
% Change
Sep 2012
Aug 2013
Sep 2013
Jan - Sep 2012
Jan - Sep 2013
Sep 2013/
Aug 2013
Sep 2013/
Sep 2012
Jan - Sep 2013/2012
Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages
30.3
108.0
111.9
112.2
107.3
111.0
0.3
3.9
3.4
Food
28.9
108.1
112.1
112.5
107.4
111.2
0.4
4.1
3.5
Food At Home
18.9
107.7
112.0
112.4
107.1
111.1
0.4
4.4
3.7
Rice, Bread & Other Cereals
4.4
102.5
104.5
104.6
102.4
104.3
0.1
2.0
1.9
Meat
2.9
107.1
112.9
114.8
105.5
111.9
1.7
7.2
6.1
Fish & Seafood
4.5
114.2
121.0
120.5
112.9
117.9
-0.4
5.5
4.4
Milk & Eggs
1.8
108.4
113.9
114.5
108.6
112.6
0.5
5.6
3.7
Oils and Fats
0.6
101.3
100.8
100.8
101.3
101.0
0.0
-0.5
-0.3
Fruits
1.2
109.5
112.5
112.8
108.1
111.8
0.3
3.0
3.4
Vegetables
2.1
102.9
106.6
107.9
103.2
108.5
1.2
4.9
5.1
Sugar, Jam, Honey, Choc. &
Confectionery
0.6
113.8
119.6
119.7
113.6
119.4
0.1
5.2
5.1
Food Products n.e.c.
0.8
110.1
111.4
111.6
110.1
110.9
0.2
1.4
0.7
Food Away From Home
10.0
109.0
112.3
112.6
108.2
111.3
0.3
3.3
2.9
Coffee, Tea, Cocoa & Non-Alcoholic Beverages
1.4
105.9
106.9
107.0
105.1
106.6
0.1
1.0
1.4

 

Monthly Changes for CPI

When compared with the previous month, the CPI for September 2013 increased by 0.8 per cent. Increases were for main groups Transport ( + 4.8 per cent ); Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco ( + 0.5 per cent ); Restaurants & Hotels ( + 0.4 per cent ); Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages; Clothing & Footwear dan Health by 0.3 per cent respectively; Furnishings, Household Equipment & Routine Household Maintenance and Miscellaneous Goods & Services by 0.2 per cent respectively and Education ( + 0.1 per cent ). On the other hand, decreases were for Recreation Services & Culture by 0.1 per cent. The indices for Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels and Communication remained unchanged at 105.7 and 98.3 respectively.

The 0.3 per cent decrease in the index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages in September 2013 compared with that of the previous month was the result of increases in the index for Food At Home ( + 0.4 per cent ); Food Away From Home ( + 0.3 per cent ) and Coffee, Tea, Cocoa & Non-Alcoholic Beverages ( + 0.1 per cent ).

Among the food items which recorded notable increases in September 2013 compared with the previous month were Spinach ( + 13.4 per cent ); Water Spinach ( + 12.0 per cent ); Choy Sum ( + 9.5 per cent ); Shallots ( + 7.7 per cent ); Chicken ( + 3.1 per cent ); Hen’s Eggs ( + 1.8 per cent ); Prawn ( + 1.0 per cent ); Beef, Local ( + 0.4 per cent ) and Local Rice 5% ( + 0.2 per cent ).

Meanwhile, the index of some food items decreased in September 2013 compared with the previous month. Among these were Tomatoes ( - 15.8 per cent ); Red Chillies ( - 11.9 per cent ); Cuttlefish ( - 4.9 per cent ); Hardtail Scad (Fish) ( - 3.8 per cent ) and Garlic ( - 2.3 per cent ).

A reclassification of items according to their durability and services rendered showed increases in the index for Non-Durable Goods ( + 1.9 per cent  ); Semi-Durable Goods ( + 0.3 per cent  ) and Services ( + 0.1 per cent  ) while the index for Durable Goods remained unchanged at 98.2.

 

RELEASED BY:

THE OFFICE OF CHIEF STATISTICIAN MALAYSIA
DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS MALAYSIA

25 OCTOBER 2013

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