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Household Income and Expenditure


Household Income/Basic Amenities Survey (HIS/BA)

The Household Income Survey (HIS) was conducted by the Department of Statistics, Malaysia since 1973. However, starting from 1987, The Basic Amenities Survey was conducted together with Household Income Survey and known as Household Income/Basic Amenities Survey (HIS/BA). The latest HIS/BA survey was carried out in 2009. The main objectives of the HIS/BA survey are to measure the economic well-being of the population; collect information on income distribution pattern of household classified by various socio-economic characteristics; identify the poor groups; collect information on basic amenities of household; and study the effects of the implementation of national development program.


Household Expenditure Survey

The Household Expenditure Survey (HES) was first conducted in the year 1957/58. Beginning 1993/94 it was carried out at an interval of five years and subsequently in 1998/99. The recent survey was undertaken in 2009/2010. The survey covers private households in urban and rural areas.

The main objective of HES is to collect information on the level and pattern of consumption expenditure by households on a comprehensive range of goods and services. This information serves as the basis for determining the goods and services to be included in the basket of the Consumer Price Index (CPI). It is also used to update the CPI weights where the CPI is a measure of the average rate of change in prices of a fixed basket of goods and services which represents the expenditure pattern of households in Malaysia.

However, over the years, demand for data from the survey has increased and it is now used for several purposes. HES has become an invaluable source of information for government and private sectors, researchers and university students.


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