Chinese Simplified (Google Translate)     RSSpodcasteBook Facebook Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia twitter twitter
    Font Size decrease font size reset font size increase font size + Change default theme Change blue theme Change green theme
Recent Statistical Releases Free DownloadPrinted

Consumer Price Index Malaysia April 2013 (Updated: 22/05/2013)


The Consumer Price Index (CPI) for the period January to April 2013 increased by 1.5 per cent to 106.1 compared with that of 104.5 in the same period last year. Compared with the same month in 2012, the CPI for April 2013 registered an increase of 1.7 per cent from 104.5 to 106.3 and when compared with the previous month, the CPI increased by 0.1 per cent.

The index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages and Non-Food for the month of April 2013 showed increases of 3.8 and 0.8 per cent respectively as compared to the same month in 2012. For the period January to April 2013, the index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages and Non-Food increased by 3.2 per cent and 0.8 per cent respectively. Compared with the previous month, the index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages increased by 0.2 per cent while the index for Non-Food remained unchanged at 104.5 (Table 1).

CPI changes for the period January - April 2013 / 2012

The 1.5 per cent increase in the CPI was brought about by increases observed in the indices of all the main groups except those of Clothing & Footwear and Communication by 0.7 per cent respectively and  Recreation Services & Culture ( - 0.1 per cent ). Notable increases among these main groups with high weights were Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages ( + 3.2 per cent ); Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels ( + 1.3 per cent ) and Transport ( + 0.6 per cent ). Other increases were Restaurants & Hotels ( + 2.3 per cent ); Education ( + 2.1 per cent ); Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco ( + 2.0 per cent );  Health ( + 1.9 per cent ); Furnishings, Household Equipment & Routine Household Maintenance ( + 1.7 per cent ) and Miscellaneous Goods & Services ( + 1.3 per cent ).

Table 1 : CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR MAIN GROUPS, MALAYSIA (2010=100)

Group
Wt.
Index
% Change
Apr 2012
Mar 2013
Apr 2013
Jan - Apr 2012
Jan - Apr 2013
Apr 2013/
Mar 2013
Apr 2013/
Apr 2012
Jan - Apr 2013/2012
TOTAL
100.0
104.5
106.2
106.3
104.5
106.1
0.1
1.7
1.5
Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages
30.3
106.4
110.2
110.4
106.8
110.2
0.2
3.8
3.2
Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco
2.2
104.6
106.7
106.7
104.6
106.7
0.0
2.0
2.0
Clothing and Footwear
3.4
99.5
98.9
98.8
99.5
98.8
-0.1
-0.7
-0.7
Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels
22.6
103.0
104.3
104.3
102.9
104.2
0.0
1.3
1.3
Furnishings, Household Equip. & Routine Household Maintenance
4.1
103.6
105.3
105.4
103.3
105.1
0.1
1.7
1.7
Health
1.3
104.4
106.2
106.6
104.2
106.2
0.4
2.1
1.9
Transport
14.9
105.2
105.9
105.8
105.0
105.6
-0.1
0.6
0.6
Communication
5.7
99.2
98.6
98.5
99.3
98.6
-0.1
-0.7
-0.7
Recreation Services & Culture
4.6
103.2
103.2
103.1
103.3
103.2
-0.1
-0.1
-0.1
Education
1.4
104.8
106.9
107.0
104.5
106.7
0.1
2.1
2.1
Restaurants and Hotels
3.2
108.6
110.9
111.1
108.2
110.7
0.2
2.3
2.3
Miscellaneous Goods & Services
6.3
103.9
105.3
104.9
104.0
105.3
-0.4
1.0
1.3
Non-Food
69.7
103.7
104.5
104.5
103.5
104.3
0.0
0.8
0.8
Durable Goods
6.5
100.2
99.5
99.1
100.7
99.5
-0.4
-1.1
-1.2
Semi-Durable Goods
4.4
100.3
99.8
99.7
100.3
99.7
-0.1
-0.6
-0.6
Non-Durable Goods
41.6
105.3
107.7
107.8
105.6
107.7
0.1
2.4
2.0
Services
47.5
104.6
106.4
106.5
104.4
106.3
0.1
1.8
1.8

Based on the above changes and the weights assigned to the main groups, the relative contribution to the overall increase of 1.5 per cent in the CPI can be identified as shown in Table 2. The three main groups, Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages; Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels and Transport together accounted for 77.5 per cent of the overall increase recorded for the current period.

Table 2 : CONTRIBUTION TO THE CHANGES IN THE OVERALL CONSUMER PRICE INDEX
BY MAIN GROUPS, MALAYSIA (2010=100)

Group
Wt.
2012 / 2011
April
2013 / 2012
January - April
2013 / 2012
% Change
% Contribution
% Change
% Contribution
% Change
% Contribution
TOTAL
100.0
1.6
100.0
1.7
100.0
1.5
100.0
Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages
30.3
2.7
50.5
3.8
60.6
3.2
56.7
Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco
2.2
0.4
0.6
2.0
2.3
2.0
2.6
Clothing and Footwear
3.4
-0.6
-1.2
-0.7
4.3
-0.7
4.7
Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels
22.6
1.6
21.7
1.3
14.9
1.3
16.3
Furnishings, Household Equip. & Routine Household Maintenance
4.1
2.0
4.7
1.7
5.4
1.7
5.7
Health
1.3
2.0
1.6
2.1
1.4
1.9
1.5
Transport
14.9
0.7
6.3
0.6
4.5
0.6
4.5
Communication
5.7
-0.6
-2.3
-0.7
-2.0
-0.7
-2.4
Recreation Services & Culture
4.6
1.2
3.1
-0.1
-0.2
-0.1
-0.3
Education
1.4
2.4
2.0
2.1
1.5
2.1
1.7
Restaurants and Hotels
3.2
2.9
5.9
2.3
4.0
2.3
4.3
Miscellaneous Goods & Services
6.3
2.0
7.1
1.0
3.3
1.3
4.7

The 3.2 per cent increase in the index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages was the result of increases for Food At Home ( + 3.5 per cent ); Food Away From Home ( + 2.7 per cent ) and Coffee, Tea, Cocoa & Non-Alcoholic Beverages ( + 1.7 per cent ). Among the subgroups of Food At Home which showed significant increases during this period as shown in Table 3 were Meat ( + 5.8 per cent ); Sugar, Jam, Honey, Chocolate and Confectionery ( + 5.0 per cent ); Vegetables ( + 4.4 per cent ); Fish & Seafood ( + 4.1 per cent ); Fruits ( + 3.3 per cent ); Milk & Eggs ( + 2.6 per cent ) and Rice, Bread and Other Cereals ( + 1.8 per cent ).

Table 3 : CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR SUB-GROUPS OF FOOD AND
NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, MALAYSIA (2010=100)

Sub-group
Wt.
Index
% Change
Apr 2012
Mar 2013
Apr 2013
Jan - Apr 2012
Jan - Apr 2013
Apr 2013/
Mar 2013
Apr 2013/
Apr 2012
Jan - Apr 2013/2012
Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages
30.3
106.4
110.2
110.4
106.8
110.2
0.2
3.8
3.2
Food
28.9
106.5
110.4
110.6
107.0
110.4
0.2
3.8
3.2
Food At Home
18.9
105.7
110.2
110.3
106.6
110.3
0.1
4.4
3.5
Rice, Bread & Other Cereals
4.4
102.5
104.1
104.3
102.3
104.1
0.2
1.8
1.8
Meat
2.9
103.0
109.0
113.3
104.2
110.2
3.9
10.0
5.8
Fish & Seafood
4.5
110.9
116.0
115.7
111.6
116.2
-0.3
4.3
4.1
Milk & Eggs
1.8
107.3
111.7
111.6
108.9
111.7
-0.1
4.0
2.6
Oils and Fats
0.6
101.3
101.4
101.1
101.2
101.3
-0.3
-0.2
0.1
Fruits
1.2
107.4
112.0
112.0
107.8
111.4
0.0
4.3
3.3
Vegetables
2.1
100.2
109.3
105.1
103.9
108.5
-3.8
4.9
4.4
Sugar, Jam, Honey, Choc. &
Confectionery
0.6
113.6
119.1
119.2
113.5
119.2
0.1
4.9
5.0
Food Products n.e.c.
0.8
110.0
110.6
110.8
110.2
110.5
0.2
0.7
0.3
Food Away From Home
10.0
108.1
110.8
111.0
107.7
110.6
0.2
2.7
2.7
Coffee, Tea, Cocoa & Non-Alcoholic Beverages
1.4
105.0
106.4
106.5
104.6
106.4
0.1
1.4
1.7

Monthly Changes for CPI

Compared with the previous month, the CPI for April 2013 increased by 0.1 per cent. Increases were for main groups Health ( + 0.4 per cent ); Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages and Restaurants & Hotels by 0.2 per cent respectively; Furnishings, Household Equipment & Routine Household Maintenance and Education by 0.1 per cent respectively. On the other hand, decreases were for Miscellaneous Goods & Services ( - 0.4 per cent ); Clothing & Footwear; Transport Communication and Recreation Services & Culture by 0.1 per cent respectively. The indices for Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco and Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels remained unchanged at 106.7 and 104.3.

The 0.2 per cent decrease in the index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages in April 2013 compared with that of the previous month was the result of increases in the index for Food At Home ( + 0.1 per cent ); Food Away From Home ( + 0.2 per cent ) and Coffee, Tea, Cocoa & Non-Alcoholic Beverages ( + 0.1 per cent ).

Among the food items which recorded notable increases in April 2013 compared with the previous month were Chicken ( + 7.7 per cent ); Prawns ( + 2.8 per cent ); Local Cakes ( + 2.0 per cent ); Beef ( + 1.9 per cent ) and Infant Powdered Milk ( + 0.3 per cent ).

Meanwhile, the index of some food items decreased in April 2013 compared with the previous month. Among these were Tomatoes ( - 22.5 per cent ); Long Beans ( - 12.6 per cent ); Spinach ( - 8.9 per cent ); Water Spinach ( - 7.3 per cent ); Red Chillies ( - 5.4 per cent ); Round Scad (Fish) ( - 4.3 per cent ); Round Cabbage ( - 2.4 per cent ); Choy Sum ( - 2.1 per cent ) and Indian Mackerel (Fish) ( - 0.7 per cent ).

A reclassification of items according to their durability and services rendered showed increases in the index for Non-Durable Goods and Services by 0.1 per cent respectively while Durable Goods and Semi-Durable Goods decreased by 0.4 and 0.1 per cent respectively.



You are here: